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On the development and application of EMMIE: insights from the What Works Centre for Crime Reduction

Thornton, Amy et al.

Policing and society. Volume 29:Number 3 (2019, March 24th); pp 266-282 -- Routledge

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  • Title:
    On the development and application of EMMIE: insights from the What Works Centre for Crime Reduction
  • Author: Thornton, Amy;
    Sidebottom, Aiden;
    Belur, Jyoti;
    Tompson, Lisa;
    Bowers, Kate
  • Found In: Policing and society. Volume 29:Number 3 (2019, March 24th); pp 266-282
  • Journal Title: Policing and society
  • Subjects: Crime prevention--Periodicals; Police--Periodicals; Crime reduction--EMMIE--evidence-based policing--systematic review; Dewey: 363.2
  • Rights: Licensed
  • Publication Details: Routledge
  • Abstract: ABSTRACT:

    The What Works Centre for Crime Reduction was established in September 2013 with the aim of increasing the use of research evidence by decision-makers in policing and crime reduction. The EMMIE framework was developed to meet this aim. It encapsulates five broad categories of research evidence that are considered relevant to crime reduction, namely Effect size, Mechanism, Moderator (or context), Implementation and Economics. In this paper, we chart the origins and development of EMMIE. We also reflect on our experience of applying EMMIE both as a coding system to appraise systematic review evidence and as a framework to inform the design and conduct of systematic reviews in crime reduction. We conclude with a critique of EMMIE and with suggestions on how it might be developed and refined in the future.


  • Identifier: System Number: ETOCvdc_100079098960.0x000001; Journal ISSN: 1043-9463; 10.1080/10439463.2018.1539483
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Physical Description: Electronic
  • Shelfmark(s): 6543.284300
  • UIN: ETOCvdc_100079098960.0x000001

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